The principal focus of the Algoma Highlands Conservancy is that of a land trust (e.g. Robertson Lake Cliffs), but it also provides opportunities for undertaking educational programs (e.g. Lake Superior State University), for research activities such as forest management techniques through the Canadian Forest Service, for the protection of species at risk (e.g. the peregrine release program) and for silent-sport recreational activities.

The Algoma Highlands Conservancy is unique because it is a bi-national organization seeking to purchase and protect 6,000 to 8,000 acres in the vicinity of King Mountain, which is almost 1,300 ft. above the elevation of nearby Lake Superior. This area is best known for the Stokely Creek Trail System, one of the most extensive Nordic areas in North America that is enjoyed by thousands of cross-country skiers every winter.