ANET, a division of the Madras Crocodile Bank/Center for Herpetology, is studying and helping to protect the unique biodiversity of the ecologically rich and fragile Andaman and Nicobar Islands, where a quarter of the flora and fauna is endemic. This archipelago is also home to four surviving aboriginal tribes, three of which still employ bows and arrows to safeguard their territories from the outside world.

ANET has conducted a variety of original biological research programs since 1977, including surveys of sea turtles and crocodiles, protected area management planning, land use implications and the impact of introduced mammal species. It is also developing conservation strategies to help ensure the survival of endangered species and habitats. ANET’s forest nursery distributes seedlings of indigenous species of trees for reafforestation. Its education program teaches the islanders about their fragile island ecosystem, and the dangers of increased pressure on its resources. The team trains local teachers, school children, settlers, people from the armed forces and naturalists so that they can join the conservation movement.